Turkey has had an average annual rise in energy consumption of 8.5% from 2001 to 2008. There is widespread agreement that Turkey needs immediate and substantial investment in its power infrastructure if the country is to continue on its economic growth trajectory. Turkey’s hydroelectricity potential is excellent , however tariff and regulatory uncertainties as well as high upfront costs mean the technology cannot compete against fossil fuel based alternatives without carbon finance.
The project is located near Hakkari in Turkey’s East Anatolian region. A run-of-river hydroelectric power plant has been constructed with a capacity of 29.57 MW. The electricity of approximately 99,440 GWh annually (enought to power 15,000 average Turkish households) is be fed into the grid, which is still largely dominated by fossil fuels. As a result the project reduces emissions by 64,139t CO2e annually and gengenerates an equivalent number of verified emission reductions (VERs) under the VCS standard per year.
The plant is positioned along the Zap Suyu river, using a weir and a conveyance tunnel of less than three kms to redirect water to the turbines.
In the power house three horizontal shaft Francis turbines with a capacity of 9,857 MW each were installed. The technology used in the plant is state-of-the-art with extensive automatisation. The project helps to stimulate the commercial application of grid connected renewable energy technologies in Turkey. It shows the feasibility of larger grid connected small to medium scale run-of-river HEPPs as a tool to support energy security, alternative sustainable energy, and sustainable renewable energy industry development even in hard to reach locations. The plant is located at an altitude of 1,580m. It was completed and connected to the grid in 2009.
Apart from the emissions reduced, the project owner has been keen to improve local living standards, create new opportunities and provide access to modern services. More than 750 locals have found employment as a result of the project. The project owner also set up a micro-finance centre to provide access to finance for small-scale entrepreneurs, in particular for women.
He has built roads where none existed, widened and improved existing ones and cleared them after avalanches or heavy snowfalls. On more than one occasion, emergency support was needed and readily given following landslides and accidents on local roads and in some of the local villages. The project owner has provided new water pipes and tanks fitted with insulation material to prevent them from freezing in winter, to homes, fields and communal buildings. Electricity delivery has been stabilised following the donation and erection of additional masts to carry the power cables.
In a number of villages, the company supported local tree planting activities by removing rocks, flattening and fencing the area and providing piping for irrigation, improving the environment as well as income and diet. Municipal construction equipment was repaired or amended at the company’s expense and local mosques were repaired or improved. As a result, locals have been able to improve their living conditions, create new employment opportunities and create additional sources of revenue.
Annual emission reductions
Annual renewable energy produced
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